Archive for July, 2016

ALL ENEMIES, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC

July 28, 2016

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I have observed our political leaders downplay the threat to America by labeling ISIS “Junior Varsity” and telling us we are safe. Since we cannot trust these political leaders to level with We the People, I am compelled to use my voice and Social Media resources night and day. More than 50 years ago I was an Intelligence Analyst at the National Security Agency. Later, I became a fighter pilot and eventually commanded the joint, multinational Cope Thunder Provisional Wing with six billion dollars in assets including F-4, F-14, F-15, F-15E, F-16, F-18 and CF-18 jet fighters along with KC-10 tankers, E-3B AWACS and C-130 Tactical Airlift.

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That was before President Obama fired the most competent Generals, Colonels and Senior Enlisted Chiefs and before he cut our Armed Forces to the bone all the way down to pre WW II levels. It was also before NSA and the other 16 Intelligence Agencies became completely ineffective data collectors spying on law abiding citizens instead of the Boston Bombers and 911 Terrorists.

We are seeing sporadic Islamic attacks in America since 911 but nothing of the magnitude that we can expect. I believe the Islamic State and a hundred more organizations just like them are comfortable with the present leadership of America and are not enthusiastic about upsetting the status quo apple cart. Why awaken the sleeping giant unnecessarily? President Obama and Secretary Kerry like Secretary Clinton before him, are all about talking, drawing red lines, claiming victory and downplaying the threat. As long as members of the Islamic State are welcomed with open arms and our border is easier to cross than the state line between Arizona and California, our enemies can stockpile weapons on our soil and bring insurgents across the border in the numbers and at the times of their choosing.

The FBI has made it clear that ISIS is active in all 50 states. That number was 49 not long ago but now there is evidence of an active ISIS presence in Alaska to make the occupation complete. Obama, Kerry and Hillary would have you believe ISIS is here out of love to pick cabbage but here is the truth: The target and number one goal of the Islamic World is Big Satan and Little Satan. If you don’t know who Islam calls Big Satan, just look in the mirror.

Islam took over the Middle East centuries ago with scimitars but things have changed. Top supporters of Terrorism are the good friends of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and John Kerry, Iran & Arabia. Barack’s top aide, Valarie Jarrett, is Iranian; Hillary’s top Aide is Huma Abedin who was an assistant editor at a publication called the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs from 1996 until 2008.

When Huma Abedin was two years old, the family moved to Jidda, Saudi Arabia, where, with the backing of Abdullah Omar Nasseef, then the president of King Abdulaziz University, her father founded the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, a think tank, and became the first editor of its Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, which stated its mission as “shedding light” on minority Muslim communities around the world in the hope of “securing the legitimate rights of these communities.”

It turns out the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs is an Abedin family business. Huma was an assistant editor there between 1996 and 2008. Her brother, Hassan is a book-review editor at the Journal and was a fellow at the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies, where Nasseef is chairman of the board of trustees. Huma’s sister, Heba is an assistant editor at the Journal.

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Just who is Abdullah Omar Nasseef (above)? In his early years as the patron of the Abedins’ journal, Nasseef was the secretary-general of the Muslim World League, which Andrew McCarthy, the former assistant U.S. attorney who prosecuted the “Blind Sheik,” Omar Abdel Rahman, in the wake of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, claims “has long been the Muslim Brotherhood’s principal vehicle for the international propagation of Islamic supremacist ideology.”

Although it describes itself a nongovernment organization, the Muslim World League is effectively an arm of the Saudi Arabian government. As a lawsuit posted on the Philadelphia Enquirer website states “a full time employee of the Muslim World League testified as follows:

“Let me tell you one thing, the Muslim World League, which is the mother of IIRO (International Islamic Relief Organization) is a fully government funded organization. In other words, I work for the government of Saudi Arabia. I am an employee of that government.

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Second, the IIRO is the relief branch of that organization which means that we are controlled in all of our activities and plans by the government of Saudi Arabia.

Keep that in mind, please … I am paid by my organization which is funded by the [Saudi] government … the [IIRO] office, like any other office in the world, here or in the Muslim World League, has to abide by the policy of the government of Saudi Arabia. If anybody deviates from that, he would be fired; he would not work at all with IIRO or with the Muslim World League.” In my opinion, the IIRO is a small time version of the Clinton Foundation?

This brings us to John Kerry and his daughter who married Dr. Behrooz Vala Nahid. As part of the wedding preparations, Kerry went to a dinner party hosted by George Soros at his Manhattan penthouse where he undoubtedly met the best man Mahdi Zarif and also met his father, Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iranian Foreign Minister, who acted as the chief negotiator during nuclear talks, across the table from Kerry. Here is an image of Kerry and Zarif:

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“I am proud of the Iranian-Americans in my own family, and grateful for how they have enriched my life,” Kerry said in the official statement. Kerry also said he was “strongly committed to resolving” the differences between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran, “to the mutual benefit of both of our people.”

Professor Jonathan Gruber, architect of National Romneycare, thinks we’re all stupid and I guess he’s right?

Here we are surrounded by foreign and domestic enemies hell-bent on doing us in. So what’s changed? What’s changed is the Iran Deal. For years Russian and North Korean Nuclear Scientists have been in Iran and they’re not there to pick cotton. The weapons at the disposal of Terrorists today should scare the pants off of you. Those who have no fear are more courageous than I am or they are fools. Years ago suitcase nuclear weapons went missing from the old USSR. Those nukes were of the 6 kiloton variety. The Hiroshima nuke was about 16 kilotons. It’s 2016 and we’re looking at fourth generation nuclear technology. You can bet there are fourth generation suitcase nukes in the hands of Terrorist organizations even as I write this blog. This image is a 100 ton explosion; what would a 6,000 ton explosion do to your city? The second image is a first generation suitcase nuke I took from an Iranian website. The third image is what I expect the enemy to have today, more like a briefcase!

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Now think about the possibility of those weapons already being in America. Their value lies in their ability to be easily smuggled across borders, transported by means widely available, and placed as close to the target as possible.

The nuclear, biological and chemical threat exists along with a repertoire of lethal weapons that range from vehicles and sabotage to arson and drones. Don’t think our food and water supply is safe and don’t think Terrorists don’t have chemical weapons captured in Syria along with surface to air missiles captured in Libya.

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Don’t rule out larger drones in the hands of Terrorists and don’t expect the Islamic State to get a permit from the FAA to employ them, perhaps by the hundreds?

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Just like a gun free zone is music to Terrorist’s ears, so is a burn ban. This year Kansas had the largest wildfire in their history and last year Washington State had the largest wildfire complex in their history.

Maybe Obama, Hillary and Kerry have no imagination and no clue but I guarantee our enemies have great imagination, great skills running from computers to guerrilla warfare and they are focused on the Big Prize. My guess is that there are more than a million insurgents and paramilitary forces already on our soil equipped with real nasty surprises for us.

While Terrorists occupy every state, Obama, Kerry and Hillary fret about global warming and guns in the hands of law abiding citizens.

The Terrorists including more than a hundred released by Obama, who rejoined their old units, may wait until after the election before becoming too visible?

Terrorists don’t fear jet fighters or aircraft carriers; they fear Leaders who are on to them and willing to stop them at all costs. There is only one person and has only been one person from the beginning of the Presidential campaign who fits that description. The Terrorists all over the world fear Donald Trump and will do everything they can to keep him out of power or to end his life.

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The price of Freedom is eternal vigilance. If you see something, say something but say it to somebody who will do something about it. Clearly, the FBI and Department of Homeland Security are clueless and will remain that way until President Trump takes the Oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. As an Air Force Officer I took the Oath to support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. That is not part of the Presidential Oath. God bless America

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The Democratic Party & News Media are Sleeping Together

July 25, 2016

 

★★I think you already know how the TV News Media is rigged and crooked. Watch how they cover the Democratic Convention after the way they trashed the Republican Convention calling it chaotic and dark.

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Even before the Democratic Convention starts, the Chairman was booed off the stage and announced her resignation. Hillary immediately hired her proving how rigged the Democrat Presidential Primary system has been all along. The Democrats knew that the Hillary hiring of Debbie Wasserman Schultz would drive Bernie Sanders supports crazy but THEY DON’T CARE, PERIOD. Jim Webb and Bernie Sanders had no chance from day one!

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This should open your eyes to how corrupt TV News has become and why they give the Democrats a pass on every crooked deal they pull:

ABC News executive producer Ian Cameron is married to Susan Rice, National Security Adviser.

CBS President David Rhodes is the brother of Ben Rhodes, Obama’s Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategic Communications.

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ABC News correspondent Claire Shipman is married to former Whitehouse Press Secretary Jay Carney

ABC News and Univision reporter Matthew Jaffe is married to Katie Hogan, Obama’s Deputy Press Secretary

ABC President Ben Sherwood is the brother of Obama’s Special Adviser Elizabeth Sherwood

CNN President Virginia Moseley is married to former Hillary Clinton’s Deputy Secretary Tom Nides.

I trust the National Enquirer and Pravda more than these scumbags!

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Jim Webb was the only Democratic candidate with real Presidential credentials.

A former Marine Officer and wounded combat veteran, Webb had less than zero chance. He served as a United States Senator from Virginia, Secretary of the Navy, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs, Counsel for the United States House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs and Marine Corps Officer who was decorated with the Navy Cross, Silver Star, Bronze Star and Purple Heart.

In the private sector he has been an Emmy Award winning journalist, a filmmaker, and the author of ten books. In addition, he taught literature at the United States Naval Academy and was a Fellow at the Harvard Institute of Politics.

Webb stating that he was “not comfortable” and “unhappy” with many of his party’s political positions and dropped out of the race after receiving almost no support. He stated he will not vote for Hillary and declined to rule out support for Donald Trump.

Jim Webb is an American hero who represents nothing the Democratic Party stands for. Can you imagine a party that has no use for Webb but goes all in for the Scumbag Hillary Clinton?

The Gene McVay History of Gold

July 21, 2016

It appears to me that the talking heads on Business TV shows and big Wall Street Traders don’t just advise against owning gold, they also seem to passionately hate gold. Perhaps it is because they can’t manipulate the price of gold as easily as they run the stock market up and down?

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Other humans, on the other hand, have had Gold Fever since the beginning of time. The great Prophet Ezekiel says in 28:4, “By your wisdom and your understanding you have made wealth for yourself, and have gathered gold and silver into your treasuries.”

Egyptians used gold to create funeral masks for their pharaohs. The Incas called it the “Sweat of the sun.” It is used to make medals for the best athletes in the world. It symbolizes wealth and riches. Over the centuries, gold has become important to humans. The heavy metal has cultural and economic meaning for human civilizations around the world.

The materials assembled for the tabernacle are described in detail in Exodus 35-38 and summarized in Exodus 38:21-30. The total quantity of gold collected was approximately one ton; of silver, 3-3/4 tons; and of bronze, 2-1/2 tons. That’s $40 million worth of gold at today’s prices and $2.5 million worth of silver. The golden lampstand in the tabernacle weighed a talent and would today be worth over two million dollars for its gold content alone. Of course, any item from the Temple would be priceless.

When Solomon built the first temple, David had already amassed the materials. These materials included 100,000 talents of gold and 1,000,000 talents of silver. The gold alone comes to over $220 billion. Notice, Solomon did not use Treasury Bonds, Exchange-Traded Funds or paper money in the Temple. The gold was not paper gold but the heavy 24 karat yellow kind. The kind the people of Pompeii carried along with the keys to their homes as they fled the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Large quantities of gold and silver was taken in Asia by Alexander the Great: 2,600 talents of gold and 600 talents of silver from Damascus, 50,000 talents of gold and 40,000 talents of uncoined gold and silver from Susa and from Persepolis 120,000 talents of gold.

When Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem, Wise Men brought Him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh

The total amount of gold mined and stockpiled in the entire world up to the present time totals about 88,000 tons. If this gold were collected together its volume would be that of a cube 54 feet on a side. In other words, all the gold in the world could easily fit in two Olympic-sized swimming pools. One trillion dollars in $100 bills would take five such swimming pools. Our national debt would require 90 swimming pools. Add our unfunded obligations and you’ll need almost a thousand swimming pools. If the Dollar is devalued like the currency of many other countries, you will need the Pacific Ocean to hold all the $100 bills needed to pay for our obligations.

After all of that, all the gold will still fit easily into just two swimming pools.

The lure of gold has had a major impact on the course of history in the United States. When gold was found in California in 1848, it triggered a movement called the gold rush. Thousands of settlers moved west hoping to find gold and become rich. In total, 300,000 people came from all over the world to California during the gold rush. Before the gold rush, San Francisco was a tiny town of only 200 people. By the end of the gold rush in 1870, San Francisco’s population had grown to 150,000 people.

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I was recently in Alaska and saw the trails used by Klondikers on their way to the gold fields in the Youkon. The trip was long, arduous, and cold. Klondikers had to walk most of the way, using either pack animals or sleds to carry hundreds of pounds of supplies. The Northwest Mounted Police in Canada required that all Klondikers bring a year’s worth of supplies with them. Even so, starvation and malnutrition were serious problems along the trail. The story of the Klondiker who boiled his boots to drink the broth was widely reported, and may well have been true. Cold was another serious problem along the trail. Winter temperatures in the mountains of northern British Columbia and the Yukon were normally -20 degrees F., and temperatures of -50 degrees F. were not unheard of. Tents were usually the warmest shelter a Klondiker could hope for.

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An even larger problem was the trails themselves. Klondikers had two choices: the Chilkoot Trail or the White Pass Trail. The White Pass Trail originated in Skagway, Alaska. Crooks in Skagway fleeced Klondikers in every way imaginable. One way was a telegraph scam where crooks put up poles and wires, but they weren’t actually connected to anything. Then they took cash from Klondikers eager to wire home. The Chilkoot Trail, on the other hand, wasn’t a better option, although it had fewer outlaws. It was steeper than the White Pass Trail, and few were fully prepared for how difficult it was. Many suffered malnutrition and/or died along the trails. Some Klondikers became sick or died from eating the meat of the dead horses found on the White Pass Trail, and it soon became known as the “Dead Horse Trail”. Men reportedly went insane on the trail. It is possible that this diet (or lack thereof) contributed to the reports of insanity.

With the influx of the 30,000 who did make it over the trails, Dawson temporarily became the largest city north of San Francisco. It was no longer a tent city, but a bonafide city, with more amenities than one might imagine. Dawson had fire hydrants on the streets, and was the first city in western Canada to have electric lights. People also felt safe in Dawson. The Northwest Mounted Police kept order in Canada, and nefarious characters were not allowed entry. The growth of Dawson was largely responsible for the creation of the Yukon Territory as a new Canadian Province on June 13, 1898.

The Klondike Kings quickly became very rich. It is estimated that over one billion dollars worth of gold was found, adjusted to late 20th century standards. Others found their fame and fortune in different manners. Jack London became well-known by writing of his experiences in the Klondike. Fred Trump, grandfather Donald Trump, earned his fortune running the Arctic Restaurant and Hotel in Bennett, British Columbia, along the Chilkoot Trail. Nor were the successful Klondikers limited to men. Like Fred Trump, Belinda Mulroney became wealthy by running a hotel and selling supplies. Many women found their riches running dance halls. Martha Black bought a sawmill and went on to become Canada’s second female Member of Parliament. Even some of those who didn’t travel to the Klondike managed to get rich from the Gold Rush. Over 1,000 miles away, Seattle businesses made over $1 million (not adjusted) selling the needed food and supplies for the trip to the gold fields. Seattle mayor W.D. Wood should have stayed in Seattle and taken advantage of the wealth the Klondikers brought to the city. Instead, he resigned his post as mayor and set off for the Yukon. He was one of the many who turned back.

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Unfortunately for those who did make it as far as the Klondike, few found the hoped-for riches. By the time the masses arrived, all the creeks had been claimed, and the new arrivals found they had to work for the Klondike Kings, rather than for themselves. The pay was not bad, ranging from $1 to $10 per day, but this was not what the Klondikers had made the trip for. Many Klondikers never recouped the cost of the trip, which averaged $1200 (not adjusted). Nevertheless, when gold was discovered at Nome, Alaska in 1899, few of these Klondikers stopped to think about what they had just experienced. At the first sign of gold, much of Dawson up and left for Nome, where most of the gold-seekers once again lost out on finding fame and fortune.

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In July 2001, the price of Gold was $357 an ounce; what will be the price of Gold in 2021? What will a dollar buy in 2021? Will Americans be crawling through the hole in the fence or swimming the Rio Grande to find work in Mexico?

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I don’t know, do you? How about the talking heads who know how to make you rich but since they’re still working, apparently they don’t know how to make themselves rich? The bottom line is simple, do your own due diligence and decide if you want to own magic beans or what.

POLICE CANNOT PROTECT YOU

July 12, 2016

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When I was leader of a team of official United States Observers traveling in Europe to observe a major NATO exercise, I utilized both military and commercial aircraft and noted that Europe was much more of a police state than the U.S. with machine-gun wielding security at all major airports. That was about 30 years ago and security has been increased exponentially since then. Even so, here are a couple of headlines from this year:

BELGIANS HAVE A REALLY BIG PROBLEM’: ANTI-TERROR POLICE ARE OVERWHELMED BY JIHADISTS WHO THREATEN THE COUNTRY

REPORT ON COLOGNE NEW YEAR’S ASSAULTS SAYS OVERWHELMED POLICE DIDN’T SEEK BACKUP

Here are some of the findings in Cologne, Germany I took from newspapers:

“An internal police report reveals officers “could not cope” with the volume of attacks in Cologne on New Year’s Eve.

Women were ‘forced to run the gauntlet’ through gangs of drunken and aggressive men outside the station.

Police say the number of reported crimes from the incident has risen to 121, about three-quarters of which involve sexual assault.

They have identified 16 suspects, but have made no new arrests.”

During my last military command one of my responsibilities was Air Base Defense so I’m not a neophyte. However, over the years I have come to believe that an important key to self-defense and probably the most important aspect is self-reliance when police protection isn’t enough.

All our lives, especially during our younger years, we heard that the police are there to protect us. From my first kindergarten class in Mountain Home, Arkansas with Miss Clarice Wilks, we learned to respect police. It is common for “Officer Friendly” to visit classrooms today. Most police cars are emblazoned with “To Protect and Serve” and we’re encouraged to give ourselves over to police protection. On the police SUV image, “To Protect and Serve” is in small print on the front fender.

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Relaxing in our easy chairs and expecting police to protect us from the bad guys hasn’t always been the American and European way. Before the mid-1800s, American and British citizens – even in large cities – were expected to protect themselves and each other. Indeed, they were legally required to pursue and attempt to apprehend criminals. The notion of a police force in those days was abhorrent in England and America, where liberals viewed it as a form of the dreaded “standing army.”

England’s first police force, in London, was not instituted until 1827. The first such forces in America followed in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia during the period between 1835 and 1845. They were established only to augment citizen self-protection. It was never intended that they act affirmatively, prior to or during criminal activity or violence against individual citizens. Their duty was to protect society as a whole by deterrence; i.e., by systematically patrolling, detecting and apprehending criminals after the occurrence of crimes. There was no thought of police displacing the citizens’ right of self-protection, nor could they even if that was the intent.

Even if all 800,000 American police officers were assigned to patrol, they could not protect 300 million citizens from upwards of 20 million criminals who enjoy the luxury of deciding when and where to strike. But we have nothing like 800,000 patrol officers; to determine how many police are actually available for any one shift, we must divide the 800,000 by four (three shifts per day, plus officers who have days off, are on sick leave, etc.). The resulting number must be cut in half to account for officers assigned to investigations, juvenile, records, laboratory, traffic, etc., rather than patrol.

Such facts are underscored by the practical reality of today’s society. Police and Sheriff’s departments are feeling the financial exigencies of our times that translates directly to a reduction of services, e.g., even less protection. Another fact that might surprise you is that thousands of 911 calls are dropped as are general calls to police departments. About 70% of 911 calls are made from cell phones and we know how reliable they are when you need them.

It is, therefore, a fact of law and of practical necessity that individuals are responsible for their own personal safety and that of their loved ones. Police protection must be recognized for what it is: only an auxiliary general deterrent.

Because the police have no general duty to protect individuals, judicial remedies are not available for their failure to protect. In other words, if someone is injured because they expected but did not receive police protection, they cannot recover damages by suing (except in very special cases). Despite a long history of such failed attempts, however, many, people persist in believing the police are obligated to protect them, attempt to recover when no protection was forthcoming and are emotionally demoralized when the recovery fails. Legal annals abound with such cases.

Many states have specifically precluded such claims, barring lawsuits against State or local officials for failure to protect, by enacting statutes such as California’s Government Code, Sections 821, 845, and 846 which state, in part: “Neither a public entity or a public employee [may be sued] for failure to provide adequate police protection or service, failure to prevent the commission of crimes and failure to apprehend criminals.” Exactly who is your state government looking out for, YOU or the government?

It is painfully clear that the police cannot be relied upon to protect us. Thus far we’ve seen that they have no duty to do so. And we’ve also seen that even if they did have a duty to protect us, practically- speaking they could not fulfill it with sufficient certainty that we would want to bet our lives on it.

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Now it’s time to take off the gloves, so to speak, and get down to reality. So the police aren’t duty-bound to protect us, and they can’t be expected to protect us even if they want to. Does that mean that they won’t protect us if they have the opportunity?

One of the leading cases on this point dates way back into the 1950s. A certain Ms. Riss was being harassed by a former boyfriend, in a familiar pattern of increasingly violent threats. She went to the police for help many times, but was always rebuffed. Desperate because she could not get police protection, she applied for a gun permit, but was refused that as well. On the eve of her engagement party she and her mother went to the police one last time pleading for protection against what they were certain was a serious and dangerous threat. And one last time the police refused. As she was leaving the party, her former boyfriend threw acid in her face, blinding and permanently disfiguring her.

Her case against the City of New York for failing to protect her was, not surprisingly, unsuccessful. The lone dissenting justice of New York’s high court wrote in his opinion: “What makes the City’s position [denying any obligation to protect the woman] particularly difficult to understand is that, in conformity to the dictates of the law [she] did not carry any weapon for self-defense. Thus, by a rather bitter irony she was required to rely for protection on the City of New York which now denies all responsibility to her.” Unfortunately, instances of police refusing to protect someone in grave danger, who is urgently requesting help, are becoming disturbingly more common. I won’t go into more cases but you can Google them.

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Remember, even if the police were obligated to protect us (which they aren’t), or even if they always tried to protect us (which they often don’t), most often there wouldn’t be time enough for them to do it. It’s about time that we came to grips with that, and resolved never to abdicate responsibility for our personal safety and that of our loved ones to anyone else.

I am a strong supporter of police and a graduate of the local Citizen’s Police Academy. I’m not advocating that we abolish the police but I believe we need a more robust backup when police are overwhelmed. I believe that backup should be citizen based. War has come to America and America is simply not ready. With violent gangs, ISIS in all 50 states and probably 35 million illegal aliens in America, things will get much worse before they get better.

National Security 101

July 7, 2016

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The American People are not generally knowledgeable about the laws regarding Classified Information. I was not only a Fighter Pilot and Provisional Wing Commander in the Air Force, I was also an Intelligence Analyst at the National Security Agency and graduate of the Air War College. Please permit me to unravel the astonishing FBI Director’s nonsense you watched on TV.

The overwhelming majority of Security Clearances are at the Secret level and most classified information is Secret or lower. Unauthorized disclosure of Secret information would cause “serious damage” to national security.

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I was at a Fighter Wing where only two people on the base had a Top Secret Clearance, the Chief of Intelligence and myself. There are many laws and regulations regarding safeguarding classified information such as the Espionage Act of 1917. Therefore, it was necessary for me to perform many additional duties to protect our very few Top Secret Documents. According to US Code, “Top Secret shall be applied to information, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security that the original classification authority is able to identify or describe.”

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You learned that the FBI found information on Secretary Clinton’s emails that was above Top Secret. It was so sensitive that even members of Congress were not authorized to view it. As high as a Top Secret Clearance is, it’s not high enough to authorize the holder of the clearance to even walk through the doors at NSA, CIA or most of the 15 other Intelligence Agencies.

I do not believe even the Secretary of State would be able to enter the Communications Center at the U.S. Department of State, it is likely run by NSA or an outside agency.

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But even if a person has a Security Clearance above Top Secret, that person cannot have access to any information unless he or she has A NEED TO KNOW. When I was a young Airman I had an operation on my shoulder in an Air Force Hospital in Japan. Because I had a Security Clearance above Top Secret, a Full Colonel was in the operating room and by my bedside during the operation and my recovery just in case I revealed something classified under sedation. If I had revealed classified information, the doctors and nurses would have been briefed and security clearances would have been run on every one of them. National Security is taken seriously outside the cozy confines of a few DC politician’s offices.

If Ms Clinton did nothing else except give thousands of emails to her lawyers for review, she committed a felony. Even if her lawyers had active US Security Clearances above Top Secret, they did not have the need to know information that could cause exceptionally grave damage to national security. I doubt that they had those clearances anyway!

As President Obama has so forcefully stated, “This is not a Reality Show!” Indeed, when Barack Obama, Loretta Lynch, James Comey and Hillary Clinton play loosey-goosey with national security, people die. Can we the people have any expectation that they protect the Nuclear Launch Codes or War Plans any better than the Presumptive Democratic Nominee for President protected national secrets on her private server?

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If Ms Clinton’s malfeasance only merits a wink and a nod, what would she have to do to elicit prosecution? Is Obama, Lynch, Comey and Hillary the best we can do? Is their lack of performance okay with you because they’re not bombastic and they love our enemies? Don’t we owe more to our men and women on the front lines of the War Against Global Terrorism?

Legacy of the Butterfield Overland Stage Company

July 3, 2016

This Blog is dedicated to my high school classmate and lifelong friend:

Fern (Butterfield) Frazier

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Waterman Lily Ormsby III left his home and family to become the first person to complete – as sole passenger – the first trip on the Butterfield Overland Mail coach.

On the afternoon of September 28, 1858, the conductor of the first westbound Butterfield Overland Mail Coach sounded his bugle to announce the coach’s arrival at the Pinery. The station was named for nearby stands of pine. With abundant water from Pine Spring and good grazing, it was one of the most favorably situated stations on the original 2,800-mile Butterfield route. Located at 5,534-foot Guadalupe Pass, the Pinery was also the highest.

After a meal of venison and baked beans and a change of horses, the weary travelers jolted slowly down the pass on their rough-riding stage. Shortly after sunset, near the base of Guadalupe Pass, the westbound coach from St. Louis pulled alongside the eastbound from San Francisco. The excited passengers and drivers exchanged comments about their history-making encounter. For the brief space of a conversation, the ends of the continent were connected. But there was mail to deliver; the stages rolled on as contracted, traveling an average of five miles an hour around the clock, and averaging 120 miles a day. The Butterfield contract called for semi-weekly runs, covering 2,800 miles in a maximum of 25 days. In its two and a half years of operation the Butterfield never broke its contract.

Imagine the feeling of isolation experienced by the station masters and their crews, and the sense of excitement and companionship brought by the stages. Between Fort Chadborne and El Paso, a distance of 458 miles, there was no sign of habitation other than outpost stage stations. The stage route between Fort Smith, Arkansas, and San Francisco, California, passed through only two real towns: Tucson and El Paso. One stretch of route had no settlements for 900 miles; another had no water for 75.

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One of the best preserved stagecoach stations on the Butterfield Overland mail route between Memphis and Fort Smith is the Potts home in Pottsville Arkansas. This fine example of antebellum architecture, built in the 1850’s, occupies a large block in the town in Pottsville. The Potts family lived in this home until it was sold to Pope County in the early 1970s. Extra barns were built on the premises to house horses and extra harnesses, etc., for the stagecoaches to change out when they stopped.

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People liked to stop at the Potts home, whether on the stage or just traveling through by buggy or horse. Mrs. Potts was well known for her clean beds and good food. Of course, you could also get a bath. The first person would pay the most for his/her bath and each person thereafter would pay a little less. The last person would pay the least and have to empty the tub. The Potts Home is now managed by the Pope County Historical Foundation.

A quarter of a million men and more rushed west to California during the bonanza years of 1849-53, most of them leaving their wives, sweethearts, children, parents, and other relatives behind. Up until this time, mail had been conveyed by private companies some under federal contract, using various routes, including ocean steamer around South America, or overland across the Isthmus of Panama. But new settlers in Oregon and California were not at all happy with sporadic mail service–at best once or twice a month.

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In 1857 Congress voted to subsidize a semi-weekly overland mail service. The line was to run “from such point of the Mississippi River as the contractors may select, to San Francisco.” Further, this service was to be performed with “good four horse coaches or spring wagons suitable for the conveyance of passengers, as well as the safety and security of the mails.” And the distance each way had to be traveled in twenty-five days or less, “the service to commence within twelve months after the signing of the contract.” John Butterfield, who had been a stage driver for some eastern stagelines, and had started the American Express company, bid successfully for the six-year contract. The famous Butterfield Overland Express Company carried the mail from St. Louis, following a southerly route through Texas and Arizona and then up the California Coastline to San Francisco.

Friends of John Butterfield were appalled when they learned of the contract he had signed calling for him to begin operating this line within one year. However, Butterfield had long experience in the staging business, and knew what he was doing. Born in New York in 1801, he had received little formal education; he had gone into staging, becoming a driver while still in his early teens. Through hard work and ability he had risen to ownership of several lines in New York, and in 1850 he had been one of the founders of the American Express Company. His prominence was such that by 1857 he was a personal friend of President James Buchanan and of many of the most influential men of the day.

Butterfield, after signing the contract, began working with a vigor that defied his fifty-six years. His first necessity was men; mainly he hired old and experienced frontiersmen to work for his company, men friendly with the various Indian tribes that would be encountered along the right-of-way. Then, using the most capable men he began laying out the road to be followed and erecting way stations along the line. From Tipton, Missouri to Fort Smith Arkansas, he used existing roads. From Fort Smith west to California he used Marcy’s road and the Gila Trail, while inside California he again used existing roads. This gave him a route of generally hard surface and gentle grades, even over the continental divide. The route was divided into eastern and western divisions, with El Paso the dividing point; then these were subdivided into five minor divisions in the East and four in the West. Each of these minor divisions was under the direction of a superintendent. And it was these men on whom Butterfield relied to keep his stages rolling.

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Beyond hiring employees, creating the route, and establishing the way stations, Butterfield also had to purchase the animals and rolling stock for his line. These totaled more than a thousand horses and some seven hundred mules, eight hundred sets of harness, and about two hundred and fifty Concord stagecoaches and spring wagons. He and his eight hundred employees worked feverishly to stockpile hay, grain, and other supplies, along with food, at each of the nearly two hundred way stations, just as arrangements had to be made for regular deliveries to each of them after the coaches began rolling. And drivers set out to familiarize themselves with their 60-mile stretches of the road. To make the necessary 25-mile daily run the coaches had to roll both day and night. Therefore, each driver had to know his 60-mile stretch extremely well. Conductors, who would ride beside the drivers, made a 120-mile route, and it was they who had absolute charge of the coaches.

John Butterfield, who wore a long yellow linen duster, a flat-brimmed hat, and tucked his pants into high boots, told his drivers, “Remember boys, nothing on God’s earth must stop the mail!” He at first had planned to carry four passengers. Soon he was carrying nine passengers, knees locked tightly together, with a few more perched on the roof. As the Butterfield coaches sped though towns, bands played, guns were fired, and men flung their hats high into the air. But the Westerners were still unhappy.

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The Butterfield Stage route had two eastern termini, Memphis, Tennessee and St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California. The routes from each eastern terminus met at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and then continued through Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Baja California, and California ending in San Francisco. Because of the untamed nature of the Mississippi River and its Arkansas tributaries in those years, the southern route necessarily utilized various alternative routes and methods of travel. There was no Mississippi River bridge at Memphis, and the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad ran from Hopefield near present-day West Memphis, Arkansas only to a point 12 miles east of Madison, Arkansas on the St. Francis River. From there the route headed overland by stagecoach. When the Arkansas River was high enough, the mail could instead travel from Memphis by steamboat down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas River, navigate up that river to Little Rock, and on from there by stagecoach. When the Arkansas was too low for steamboat traffic, the Butterfield could take the White River to Clarendon, Arkansas or Des Arc, Arkansas before switching to the stagecoaches. Sometimes the entire route across eastern Arkansas would be by stage.

However successful Butterfield was, his route did not please northern Californians, or Oregonians. They wanted a line that ran directly west from St. Louis, passing through Salt Lake City and then on to Sacramento and San Francisco. In support of this, they argued that the run over this northern route could be made in several days less time. Butterfield agreed with their statement as it related to the summer months, but said that during the winter the northern route would be closed by snow. The northern Californians insisted such was not the case and that the northern route could be kept open year round, but Butterfield continued to insist that this was the best and most usable route to the Pacific.

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Nevertheless, the Butterfield Overland Mail was a reality. It became a day-to-day part of the southwestern scene, its presence taken for granted. Yet the Butterfield, with its high cost of moving the mail, could not carry freight at a reasonable cost. When it first began operating, the Overland carried only letters; later it would transport newspapers and small packages. However, the goods that Southwesterners wanted and needed were bulky and were ordered in quantity. Thus they would have to come from the East in freight wagons, not stagecoaches, and at a much slower pace.

In the winter of 1859, the idea of the Pony Express was conceived to demonstrate the advantages of the much desired central route to transport the mail. By spring of 1860, the Pony Express was put into action between St. Louis and Sacramento. It promised unprecedented speed in mail delivery over almost 2000 miles. Utilizing a string of riders, some as young as 14, and chosen for their nerve and light weight, a relay was run on galloping horses changed approximately every 15 miles. The pay for pony express riders was from $50 to $150 a month and board. Those who rode though Nebraska and Colorado, which at this time was seeing more and more Indian troubles, were paid $150 for their services. The riders, who carried up to 10 pounds of mail rode for an average of seventy-five miles. The letters the riders carried were wrapped in oil silk as a protection against the weather, being placed in four pockets of a leather pouch, in order that the weight might be more evenly distributed.

The Pony Express continued to operate until the completion of the transcontinental telegraph line in 1861. Even though it lost money due to unexpectedly high operation costs, the rate for a half-ounce letter taken the entire distance was $5.00, and with the small volume of mail one rider could carry, it dramatically demonstrated the practicality of the central route.

In 1859, an additional overland mail route was established under the ownership of the Leavenworth and Pike’s Peak Express. It left Atchison, Missouri, and followed a more central route directly to Denver, a trip that would take 6 days traveling day and night, over 700 miles. very few stations were located along either route, and all of the mail service was definitely lacking in dependability and regularity, let alone speed. In 1860 the Leavenworth Express was almost defunct and sold to new owners who named it the “Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express.” The new owners also experienced severe financial difficulties, and the C.O.C. & P.P. line was soon called: “Clean Out of Cash and Poor Pay.” By the spring of 1862, less than a year after daily mail service began over this route, the C.O.C. & P.P. was mired in debt, including owing Ben Holladay some $208,000 that he had loaned them the year before. Holladay, who had amassed a small fortune by the 1850’s, bought the financially strapped overland mail stage line at public auction for a sum of $100,000. Holladay, being a vigorous and efficient organizer, went about re-stocking all the existing stations with men, horses and supplies, and using the finest of coaches. He was determined that the mail line would soon be on a paying basis.omfounder

The Founder:

John Warren Butterfield (1801–1869) was an operator of stagecoach and freight lines in the mid-19th century in the American Northeast and Southwest. He founded companies that became American Express and Wells Fargo. Butterfield also founded the Butterfield Overland Express and from 1858 to 1861 operated a stage route running from St. Louis to San Francisco, establishing an important connection between the new state of California and the government and economy of the contiguous eastern states.

John was born on a farm in Berne, New York, in 1801 to Daniel and Catheline Butterfield. He was largely self taught and by the age of 19 was a professional stage coach driver working out of Albany, New York, conveying passengers and freight to Utica. In 1822 he married Malinda Harriet Baker of Berne. He later established stage routes throughout New York State, and other means of transportation including packet and steamboats on Lake Ontario, the street railroad in Utica, and local plank-roads. He organized the Black River railroad. In 1850 his firm of Butterfield, Wasson & Co. merged with Livingston, Fargo & Co. and Wells & Co. as the American Express Co. under his direction.

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Butterfield also had interests in various railroad developments, telegraph facilities, and banks. He was very fond of the city of Utica, situated along the Mohawk River in New York, where he built an elaborate home and commercial buildings, and also a business. He was elected mayor of Utica in 1865.

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Butterfield’s involvement with the stage coach transport business brought him directly to his participation in the express business. He was one of the first to see the commercial potential in the various services made possible with the use of stage coaches as vehicles of mail and freight transport. Butterfield’s success was made easier because he came to the industry early on when the American nation was still developing and rapidly growing and with little competition to deal with. In 1857 he organized the long Butterfield Overland Mail route and, until 1861, contracted with the U.S. government to carry mail and passengers between St. Louis, Missouri and San Francisco, California. In 1860, due to debts, Butterfield was forced out and Wells Fargo took over the route. He retired to his home in Utica where, after serving briefly as mayor. At the age of 59 in 1869 he retired early because of a sore throat never to awaken.

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Some 160 years after John Butterfield’s stagecoaches were crisscrossing the West, the evidence can still be seen as the service left an indelible mark on America.