WHY DOES AMERICA HAVE ARMED FORCES?

September 15, 2016

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While many Americans are weighed down with carousing, drunkenness and the anxieties of life, just as Jesus said, can you pause for a moment to learn how Obama and Hillary have reshaped what is left of our Armed Forces?

Let’s take the United States Army under these Democrats. Eric Kenneth Fanning is the Secretary of the Army. He is the man in charge of the Department of the Army! His leadership team consists of his Under Secretary of the Army and two military officers of four-star rank, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army. The Secretary of the Army is in effect the chief executive officer of the Department of the Army, and the Chief of Staff of the Army works directly for the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary presents and justifies Army policies, plans, programs, and budgets to the Secretary of Defense, other executive branch officials, and to the Congressional Defense Committees. The Secretary also communicates Army policies, plans, programs, capabilities, and accomplishments to the public. So who is this powerful leader? What are his credentials for holding such a powerful position? Did he lead a charge up San Juan Hill or lead troops during the liberation of Kuwait?

Actually, Secretary Fanning led the San Diego Gay Pride Parade this year. He is the highest ranking openly gay member of the Department of Defense. He was a member of the Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund from 2004 to 2007. He favors the adoption by the U.S. military of a policy prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. He has said: “I personally like to see these things in writing and codified.” He has expressed a preference for the establishment of such a policy by the Department of Defense rather than the Obama administration. He supports allowing openly transgender persons to serve in the military as well. Basically, rather than being led into combat by a George S. Patton type, our troops are more likely to be led by a drag queen.

When the Democrats place folks, who would not be caught dead in a military uniform, in leadership positions, what effect does it have on the morale of our men and women in uniform? Here is the results of a Military Times survey of troop morale that sampled a huge number of our troops. The numbers were brutal. In response to the statement, “The senior military leadership has my best interests at heart,” only 27% agreed, down from 53% in a previous survey conducted in 2009. As for: “Overall Officers in the military are good or excellent,” only 49% agreed, down from 78% in the 2009 survey. Agreement with: “Overall my quality of life is good or excellent,” dropped from 91% agreement in 2009 to 56% in 2014 and President Obama’s personal approval rating was an eye-catching 15%. Do you care what our young men and women have to endure to defend America? Does Hillary Clinton or Barack Obama care? I damn well care!!!!!!

By anyone’s standard, these numbers should have constituted an alarm for senior defense policymakers, suggesting that whatever they were doing, they should probably try the opposite. So it was disheartening to many people and even a little stunning to see the news that the president was nominating Eric Fanning, a Washington insider and defense bureaucrat who never spent a single day in uniform, to be the next secretary of the Army.

Since Ash Carter’s appointment as secretary of Defense, members of the United States Army have had a civilian chain of command from McHugh through the president composed entirely of men who have never put on a uniform for their country. Hagel, Panetta, and Gates had all served.

Ask McHugh or Fanning or any of these men about the value that veterans bring to American society, and you are sure to get an earful about the need for American industry to recognize the unique talents of those who have served; to hire and promote them for the greater good. But at the Pentagon, bizarrely, this does not appear to extend anymore to those positions with overall responsibility for the state of the services. One exception among the current service secretaries is Ray Mabus, Secretary of the Navy, who served briefly in the Navy as a young man and has not exactly covered himself in glory as a result.

Navy Secretary Ray Mabus has raised a few eyebrows with some of the names he has picked for naval ships.

Why, critics questioned, would he name a ship in honor of the late gay rights leader Harvey Milk or after former U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords when there are plenty of military heroes to choose from?

Mabus has said he is honoring people who have shown heroism, just as past Navy Secretaries have done. He said he believes that by looking outside the military, at times, for heroes, he can help connect people with the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. When you think about heroes to name Battle Ships after, does Milk and Giffords come to mind?

Mabus is officially announcing five new ship names on visits to Mississippi and Massachusetts beginning Saturday. Among the group, a replenishment oiler will bear the name of abolitionist Sojourner Truth.

“I have named ships after presidents. I have named ships after members of Congress who have been forceful advocates for the Navy and Marine Corps,” Mabus said in a recent interview. “But I think you have to represent all the values that we hold as Americans, that we hold as a country. And so that’s why I’ve named ships the Medgar Evers, Cesar Chavez, John Lewis and Harvey Milk. Because these are American heroes too, just in a different arena.”

Republican U.S. Rep. Duncan Hunter, of California, objects to Mabus naming ships after Milk, farm labor leader Chavez and others. He wants ships to be named after service members honored for valor to inspire their crews.

Evers and Lewis were civil rights activists. Lewis is now a Georgia congressman. A measure stalled recently in the House that would have prevented the Navy from naming ships after lawmakers who haven’t served in the military or as President.

Retired Vice Adm. Doug Crowder questions naming a ship after Giffords, who survived after being shot during a constituent meeting. It’s the secretary’s right to name ships, and previous Secretaries have made political decisions, but there’s an inherent risk in making a string of political statements, said Crowder, who served as a deputy chief of naval operations before retiring in 2010.

“It just doesn’t help at all for what the basic sailor or officer thinks of his chain of command, up to the Secretary of the Navy,” he said. “Is it catastrophic? No. But that’s the risk you run.”

Crowder said he doesn’t think a ship should be named after Peyton Manning, either, “to take it to the ridiculous end state to make a point.”

It’s also up to the navy secretary to choose sponsors to christen the vessels and Mabus is willing to break with the tradition of having female sponsors.

Mabus said he asked the male spouse of a female naval officer to sponsor a ship but was turned down.

Facebook’s chief operating officer, Sheryl Sandberg, and the women who integrated Little Rock’s Central High School in Arkansas in 1957 are sponsoring submarines. Transgender Navy veteran Paula Neira and Sen. Dianne Feinstein are sponsoring Milk’s ship.

So far, no ship has been named for Bowe Bergdahl, Nadal Hasan or Colin Kaepernick.

If you have ANY respect whatsoever for our Armed Forces Personnel and our Veterans, you will vote for politicians who will redirect the focus of our military from social experimentation to National Defense and Security, period!

The Hero was Too Young

September 13, 2016

 

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★★Long struggles for our veterans are not hard to find. Here is the story of a 12 year old boy who joined the U.S. Navy after the Pearl Harbor attack.

Calvin Leon Graham (April 3, 1930 – November 6, 1992) was the youngest U.S. serviceman to serve and fight during World War II. Graham was born in Canton, Texas and was attending elementary school in Houston before he decided to join the Navy, after his father had died and his mother had remarried. He enlisted in the Navy on August 15, 1942 and was sent to boot camp in San Diego, California for six weeks, and afterwards was sent to Pearl Harbor at Oahu, Hawaii where he was assigned to the USS South Dakota in September.

The South Dakota left Pearl harbor on October 16. On October 26, 1942, he participated in the Battle of Santa Cruz. The South Dakota and her crew received a Navy Unit Commendation for the action. On the night of November 14–15, 1942, Graham was wounded during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, he served as a loader for a 40 mm anti-aircraft gun and was hit by shrapnel while taking a hand message to an officer. Though he received fragmentation wounds, he helped in rescue duty by aiding and pulling the wounded aboard ship to safety. He was awarded the Bronze Star Medal and the Purple Heart Medal, and he and his crewmates were awarded another Navy Unit Commendation.

The South Dakota returned to the east coast on December 18, 1942 for an overhaul and battle damage repairs after taking 42 hits from at least 3 enemy ships. Graham’s mother revealed his age after he attended his grandmother’s funeral in Texas without permission from the Navy, for which afterwards he spent three months in a brig in Texas He was not released until after his sister threatened to contact the newspapers. Although he had tried to return to his ship, he was released from the Navy on April 1, 1943, without any awards or benefits. The South Dakota’s gunnery officer, who was involved in handling his case, was Sargent Shriver.

He then worked in a defense plant as a welder instead of going back to school. Graham joined the United States Marine Corps in 1948 at age 17, but his enlistment in the Marines also ended early when he fell from a pier and broke his back in 1951. Although serving in the Marine Corps qualified him as a veteran, he would spend the rest of his life fighting for full medical benefits and clearing his military service record.

In 1978, some 27 years later, he was finally given an honorable discharge for his service in the Navy, and after writing to Congress and with the approval of President Jimmy Carter, all medals except his Purple Heart Medal were reinstated. His story came to public attention in 1988, when his story was told in the TV movie, Too Young the Hero. He was played by Rick Schroder.

In 1988, 37 years after his injuries, he received disability benefits and back pay for his service in the Navy after President Ronald Reagan signed legislation that granted Graham full disability benefits, increased his back pay to $4917 and allowed him $18,000 for past medical bills, contingent on receipts for the medical services. By this time, some of the doctors who treated him had died and many medical bills were lost. He received only $2,100 of the possible $18,000. While the money for the rights to his story for the movie, Too Young The Hero amounted to $50,000, 50% went to two agents and 20% went to a writer of an unpublished book about Graham. He and his wife received just $15,000 before taxes.

His Purple Heart Medal was finally reinstated, and presented to his widow, Mary, on June 21, 1994, by Secretary of the Navy John Dalton in Arlington, Texas, nearly two years after his death from heart failure. He was buried at Laurel Land Memorial Park in Fort Worth, Texas.

If Calvin had not become somewhat famous, he would have been just another totally forgotten Veteran from a long forgotten war. Hundreds of thousands of Veterans have been waiting for years for the VA to rule on their combat disability claims. I know because I am one of them who has waited about 7 years. Some call us the Deplorables but the government and the VA pretend we don’t even exist.

It is more advantages to the government to strip our dignity, our benefits, our military decorations and our honor. Calvin’s Purple Heart Decoration came through 52 years after he was wounded. If the government could have reapproved the medal in 50 years, at least Calvin would have known about it.

Of course, he was eager to serve his country and was under the legal age during his first tour but he would have been treated much better if he had only been an illegal alien from Iran who crawled through the hole in the fence. I have been fighting for Veterans for decades and I will tell you a secret; it is an uphill battle!

MAYBE YOU SHOULD LEARN ABOUT THE KKK?

August 28, 2016

Now that the KKK Grand Dragon has publicly endorsed Hillary Clinton, maybe it’s time you learned something about the ultimate racist organization?

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The KKK began in Tennessee after Southern Democrats lost the Civil War.. The white hoods and sheets were meant to represent the ghosts of the Confederate soldiers who died in the Civil War. But soon, the group was more about terrorizing blacks than it was about protecting whites. The KKK rode at night, perpetrating raids on areas where blacks lived. Nathan Bedford Forrest, former Confederate general, was in command of the KKK until 1868. He formally disbanded the group at this point, appalled by the violence but the KKK lived on.

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Congress created a committee in 1871 to investigate the Klan, and passed the civil rights act of 1871 to help curtail the group’s activities. But years later, the KKK would infiltrate the highest levels of government when President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Hugo L. Black to the Supreme Court. Justice Black, a trial attorney from Alabama who joined the group in 1923, was appointed to the Court in 1937 and there is no evidence that he ever left the KKK. Black had been elected U.S. Senator from Alabama in 1927 and was Chairman of the Senate Education Committee.

The KKK continued to operate throughout the 1930s, 40s, and 50s, and times were volatile for many African-Americans. Harry S. Truman was President from 1945 to 1953. Truman was a KKK member for about two years, but fell out with the group because he believed Roman Catholics should be allowed to be in politics.

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West Virginia Democrat Senator Robert Byrd joined the KKK in the 1940s at the age of 24. He served in the Senate for nearly six decades. Senator Byrd was a recruiter for the Klan while in his 20s and 30s, rising to the title of Kleagle and Exalted Cyclops of his local chapter. Byrd spoke in favor of the Klan during his early political career. Though he claimed to have left the organization in 1943, Byrd wrote a letter in 1946 to the group’s Imperial Wizard stating “The Klan is needed today as never before, and I am anxious to see its rebirth here in West Virginia.” Byrd attempted to explain or defend his former membership in the Klan in his 1958 U.S. Senate campaign when he was 41 years old.

Despite being the only Senator to vote against both African American U.S. Supreme Court nominees: liberal Thurgood Marshall and conservative Clarence Thomas and filibustering the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Byrd later said joining the Klan was his “greatest mistake.” The NAACP gave him a 100% rating on their issues during the 108th Congress. However, in a 2001 incident Byrd repeatedly used the phrase “white niggers” on a national television broadcast.

The KKK experienced a brief resurgence in the 1960s, and violently opposed the Civil Rights movement. The KKK was directly responsible for the murder of several civil rights workers and attacks on activists at this time. But the glory days were over. The KKK would get weaker and weaker after this.

The KKK fractured into small splinter groups and had a membership of less than 10,000 by the 1990s. The KKK has weathered several lawsuits and arrests, not to mention laws and ordinances that prevent them from engaging in their various activities.

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In a bizarre re-branding, one KKK chapter announced recently that it is accepting homosexuals, African-Americans, and Jewish people into the group. The Klan currently has between 5,000 and 8,000 members nationwide.

Democrat Senator Theodore G. Bilbo from Mississippi revealed his membership in the Ku Klux Klan in an interview on the radio program Meet the Press. He said, “No man can leave the Klan. He takes an oath not to do that. Once a Ku Klux, always a Ku Klux.”

Former Grand Wizard David Duke is a politician who ran in both Democrat and Republican presidential primaries. He was founder and Grand Wizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in the mid-1970s; he re-titled his position as “National Director” and said that the KKK needed to “get out of the cow pasture and into hotel meeting rooms.” He left the organization in 1980. He ran for president in the 1988 Democratic presidential primaries. In 1989 Duke switched political parties from Democrat to Republican. When will voters realize that power is the objective of many politicians? They will join any party if they think it will help get them elected!

Benjamin Franklin Stapleton, a Democrat, was mayor of Denver for 20 years. He was a Klan member and appointed fellow Klansmen to most positions in municipal government. The Ku Klux Klan had no presence in Colorado in 1920. By 1925, Klan members and sponsored candidates controlled the Colorado State House and Senate, the office of Secretary of State, a state Supreme Court judgeship, seven benches on Denver District Court and city councils in some Colorado towns. Governor Clarence Morley of Colorado were also Klansmen. The Klan was stronger in Colorado than any other state. How did the Klan gain power so quickly and absolutely?

William Joseph Simmons of Georgia called for the resurrection of the Klan in 1915. By 1920, only 5,000 or so members had joined in Alabama and Georgia. Clearly, the old organizing prejudices weren’t enough to mobilize a respectable membership. The Klan developed a new recruiting message focused more on the menace that Catholics and Jews posed to the “nation’s Protestant ideals” than on Blacks. According to the excellent history Hooded Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Colorado by Robert Goldberg, the KKK posed as saviors of “Old Time Religion” and Americanism. As adherents to the Pope and their “polytheistic” religion of saints, Catholics were seen as completely excluded from such Americanism. Colorado was predominantly Protestant, and this message played well there.

While Catholics, Jews and Blacks spoke out against the Klan in newspapers such as the Denver Express, Denver’s major papers were silent or neutral. The Klan infiltrated both political parties. Local Klan chapters preyed on local prejudices and divisions. Business owners proudly displayed Klan stickers, and protestant elites and working people, men and women, were quick to join. Barring a few exceptions, such as Denver District Attorney Philip Van Cise, a fierce Klan opponent, few politicians or Protestants spoke out against the Klan, allowing them to consolidate influence and power rapidly.

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Strangely, part of the Klan’s appeal was that it functioned as a social outing for many Protestants. In fact, members in Grand Junction flocked to the KKK not so much from prejudice, but because they thought of it as another Elk’s lodge, except with hoods and weird cross burning ceremonies out in the desert. Even Dalton Trumbo tried to join because it was the hot “thing to do.” In Denver, the Klan held picnics (one drew 100,000 people), auto races (a Catholic won. See photo), and had many other events. Of course, the old Klan sometimes reared its ugly head, driving Blacks from white neighborhoods. Beginning in 1925, the Klan’s power in Colorado waned. The Colorado Grand Dragon was investigated for tax evasion, and corruption scandals rocked Klan office holders. But for those few short years, the Klan ruled Colorado.

In conclusion, there is nothing positive I can say about the Klan. The reason Blacks suffered after the Civil War at the hands of the Democrats is because they secretly vowed to win back with the pen what they lost with the sword. Segregation, share cropping, lynchings, poll tax and fear kept Blacks subjugated for more than a hundred years. The Southern Manifesto was signed by 19 Senators and 82 Representatives, including the entire congressional delegations of the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Virginia. Bill Clinton’s idol, J. William Fulbright included. The Manifesto was in opposition to racial integration in public places.

I wish I could say racism no longer exists in America but I cannot. Just 20 years ago I hired an Assistant and Top Aide who was working for the U.S. Department of Justice who happened to be a Black woman. An executive in my organization was overheard by some Black employees when he said, “McVay hires Blacks whether they’re qualified or not.” The woman he considered not qualified had a Master’s Degree and was working on a PhD. When I retired she was promoted to a much higher position in Washington, DC. Those remarks resulted in an investigation by an Air Force Flag Officer from Kentucky. I don’t call it an investigation, I call it a cover-up. Clearly, our government cannot have racism in the government itself, it would not look good on the front page of the Washington Post.

In my experience, those crying racism are KKK members or closet racists themselves. America is becoming the Land of Smoke and Mirrors because too many people know nothing about History and only know what Rachel Maddow or Scott Pelley tells them.

Sam Houston and His Brother in Arkansas

August 21, 2016

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I was driving on Izard County Road 13, a dirt road between Boswell and Calico Rock, when I paused at a plot of land with two signs and a single grave. The plot was about a mile from where Piney Creek flows into the White River. The town of Athens, the crossroads of north Arkansas has vanished except for these two scant signs and a single grave.

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The first permanent Courthouse was just 20 by 20 feet surrounded by a Tavern, Blacksmith Shop, General Store and a Grist Mill. It was here where Izard County’s first officials administered justice, conducted the county’s business and maintained law and order. Matthew Adams was the County Judge, John Adams was the County Sheriff and John Houston was the County Clerk. I might add that four generations of McVay’s lived in Izard County and I have been visiting there for more than 70 years.

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Most likely, you never heard of John Houston but there is a 65 foot tall statue of his younger brother in Texas. In fact, John’s brother was the only person ever elected Governor of two different states in America. He also lived three years with the Cherokee Indians and spoke fluent Cherokee. He was the 1st and 3rd President of Texas the 7th Governor of Texas, a U.S. Senator from Texas and the 7th Governor of Tennessee. He was a First Lieutenant in the U.S. Army and a Major General in the Texian Army.

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John’s brother Samuel is probably best remembered for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico in one of the shortest decisive battles in modern history.

John Houston was commissioned in 1825. He had served earlier as clerk of Blount County in Tennessee during the years 1808 to 1812. In 1812 Sam Houston founded a one room school house in Blount County and taught there at age 19.

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Sam Houston School was the first school built in Tennessee. In 1823 John was in Little Rock and advertised in the Arkansas Gazette as an attorney at law. In 1827 Major Jacob Wolf was the first Representative to the Fifth Territorial Assembly and had been influential in the formation of Izard County. He persuaded John P. Houston to come to Izard County and serve as the first clerk of the newly formed county and help with its establishment.

Also in 1827 at age 33, Sam Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee. He planned to run for reelection; however, his marriage to eighteen-year-old Eliza Allen fell apart under mysterious circumstances and Houston resigned his office on April 16, 1829 as a result of this domestic turbulence.

A few days later, Houston left Tennessee for the wigwam of his adopted father, the chief of the Cherokees, in Arkansas. Traveling in disguise by the steam packet Red Rover, by flatboat, and by steamboat to Arkansas Territory, Houston arrived in Little Rock on May 8, 1829. Houston had apparently heard rumors that he was contemplating an unauthorized military incursion to foment or support a Texas revolution and flatly denied them in a letter; he was, however, in good enough spirits to try to mend bridges between Andrew Jackson and Colonel Robert Crittenden, the acting governor, and to report that he intended to engage in a summer buffalo hunt.

Houston then took passage upriver aboard the Facility and landed at Tahloneeskee, near Webbers Falls, where he was allegedly told by Chief Jolly, “My wigwam is yours—my home is yours—my people are yours—rest with us.” Jolly’s “wigwam” was in fact a plantation house. John Jolly was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation–West when the 1828 constitution was adopted.

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Jolly was a wealthy merchant and planter who spoke no English, and dressed in buckskin with a hunting shirt, leggings and moccasins. Jolly had followed his brother Tahlonteeskee to the Arkansas Territory. Tahlonteeskee served as the third Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation—West. Upon the death of his brother, in 1819. Jolly became the fourth Principal Chief.

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The Capital of the Charokee Nation was named for Jolly’s brother and eventually the Capital was moved from Tahlonteeskee to Talequah. Tahlonteeskee is the oldest governmental capital in Oklahoma and is a ghost town on private land in Gore, Oklahoma today.

During Jolly’s term of office, the Cherokee Nation—West adopted a constitution establishing a tripartite government, much like that previously adopted by the Cherokee Nation—East. Jolly established a capital city, Tahlonteeskee, named in honor of his brother. That same year, most of the western Cherokee were moved from Indian Reserve areas in the Arkansas Territory to the newly established Indian Territory.

In his role as leader, Jolly frequently raised issues of security and treaty rights with both U.S. government officials in Washington D.C. and with Arkansas territorial authorities. Shortly after being named president, Jolly wrote to Arkansas governor George Izard in alarm over rumors that the governor was about to broach the subject of the sale of Cherokee lands in Arkansas. Jolly advised the governor that the Cherokee had no lands whatsoever that they wished to sell and that, furthermore, the U.S. government was in arrears in meeting its financial obligations left over from the previous treaty of 1817. For a decade, he used diplomatic means to fend off pressures from American settlers and government representatives to restrict Cherokee lands in Arkansas and eventually to force the Arkansas Cherokee to move again out of Arkansas and into Indian Territory.

During June and July, Houston visited in the region, served as Jolly’s representative at a conclave where he was unsuccessful in preventing a declaration of war between the Cherokee, Pawnee and Comanche, and wrote Jackson and others in the government on behalf of several of the tribes.

In August and September 1829, when Houston was prostrated with malaria, it seems clear that he at least briefly considered going to Natchez, Mississippi. He wrote Jackson: “Your suggestion on the subject of my location in Arkansas has received my serious attention, and I have concluded that it would not be best for me to adopt the course. In that Territory there is no field for distinction—it is fraught with factions; and if my object were to obtain wealth, it must be done by fraud and peculation upon the Government and many perjuries would be necessary to its effectuation!”

The following month, on October 31, 1829, Houston received his citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. While among the Cherokee, Houston wore native dress and allegedly refused to speak English. Houston’s attempt to use his Cherokee citizenship to avoid licensing as a trader, however, was rejected by the U.S. government.

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In the spring of 1829, Houston traveled to Washington DC as a representative of the Cherokee. It was at this time that Dr. Robert Mayo later claimed that Houston was organizing an expedition against Texas, having settled among the Indians in order to cloak his true intentions. Whatever the truth of this, Houston failed to get the contracts on which he bid, and he returned to Arkansas Territory in June 1830. He built a log house, “Wigwam Neosho,” took an influential Indian wife, “Talihina” Diana Rogers Gentry, and set up as a trader.

Between June 22 and December 8, Houston wrote a series of five articles for the Arkansas Gazette dealing with the status of the removed tribes and attacking the activities of their Indian agents, using the pen names “Tah-Lohn-Tus-Ky” and “Standing Bear.” These constitute the first defense of Native American rights and exposure of government corruption written by a well-known Westerner.

In December, Houston accompanied a second Cherokee delegation to Washington, meeting Alexis de Tocqueville on the way and becoming caught up in the speculation on Texas lands. His caning of Congressman William Stanbery for slanderous remarks concerning Houston and Indian contracts led to legal proceedings in Congress. Jackson asked Houston to treat with the Comanche, leading to Houston’s arrival in Texas in December 1832. It has been claimed that when Talihina refused to accompany him so Houston left her with the title to their house, property, and two slaves. He did, however, return again to the territory in May 1833 for a meeting between the Comanche and U.S. commissioners at Fort Gibson. After this fell through, Houston obtained a power of attorney from Talihina on June 27 and spent most of the rest of his summer in Hot Springs recuperating from an old shoulder wound.

Many of Houston’s basic attitudes were formulated during his sojourn in Arkansas Territory: “Houston’s contributions to the Indian administration are…among his most significant achievements. Reforms instituted in the Agency system…were basic and long-lasting. Treaties and agreements negotiated with Houston’s assistance provided a stable basis for Indian-White relations along the Southwestern frontier.” There is also recurring evidence for the premise that Houston’s accomplishments in Texas grew out of his initial plans for an Indian-backed empire.

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Houston was active in the Texas Revolution of 1835–36 and, as commander-in-chief of the Texan army, was responsible for the stinging Mexican defeat at San Jacinto and the capture of Santa Anna. As a result, Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas in 1836 and reelected in 1841 after a constitutionally required hiatus. When the republic was annexed to the Union in 1845, Houston served as one of the state’s first U.S. senators from 1846 to 1859. Defeated in a run for governor in 1857, he was elected to that office in 1859, and his name was even bruited about for president of the United States in 1860.

In 1861, following Texas’ secession from the Union, Houston and other officials were ordered to pledge their loyalty to the Confederacy. He wrote his “fellow citizens” that “in the name of your rights and liberties, which I believe have been trampled on” and “in the name of my own conscience and my own manhood…I refuse to take this oath.” Houston was peacefully removed from the governorship and died of pneumonia in Huntsville, Texas, on July 26, 1863 at age 70. Historians might simply say Sam Houston was a School Teacher who became Governor of Tennessee?

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Sam’s older brother John lived in Izard County for nine years and passed away in 1836 at age 46.

Thank you for reading.

ALL ENEMIES, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC

July 28, 2016

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I have observed our political leaders downplay the threat to America by labeling ISIS “Junior Varsity” and telling us we are safe. Since we cannot trust these political leaders to level with We the People, I am compelled to use my voice and Social Media resources night and day. More than 50 years ago I was an Intelligence Analyst at the National Security Agency. Later, I became a fighter pilot and eventually commanded the joint, multinational Cope Thunder Provisional Wing with six billion dollars in assets including F-4, F-14, F-15, F-15E, F-16, F-18 and CF-18 jet fighters along with KC-10 tankers, E-3B AWACS and C-130 Tactical Airlift.

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That was before President Obama fired the most competent Generals, Colonels and Senior Enlisted Chiefs and before he cut our Armed Forces to the bone all the way down to pre WW II levels. It was also before NSA and the other 16 Intelligence Agencies became completely ineffective data collectors spying on law abiding citizens instead of the Boston Bombers and 911 Terrorists.

We are seeing sporadic Islamic attacks in America since 911 but nothing of the magnitude that we can expect. I believe the Islamic State and a hundred more organizations just like them are comfortable with the present leadership of America and are not enthusiastic about upsetting the status quo apple cart. Why awaken the sleeping giant unnecessarily? President Obama and Secretary Kerry like Secretary Clinton before him, are all about talking, drawing red lines, claiming victory and downplaying the threat. As long as members of the Islamic State are welcomed with open arms and our border is easier to cross than the state line between Arizona and California, our enemies can stockpile weapons on our soil and bring insurgents across the border in the numbers and at the times of their choosing.

The FBI has made it clear that ISIS is active in all 50 states. That number was 49 not long ago but now there is evidence of an active ISIS presence in Alaska to make the occupation complete. Obama, Kerry and Hillary would have you believe ISIS is here out of love to pick cabbage but here is the truth: The target and number one goal of the Islamic World is Big Satan and Little Satan. If you don’t know who Islam calls Big Satan, just look in the mirror.

Islam took over the Middle East centuries ago with scimitars but things have changed. Top supporters of Terrorism are the good friends of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and John Kerry, Iran & Arabia. Barack’s top aide, Valarie Jarrett, is Iranian; Hillary’s top Aide is Huma Abedin who was an assistant editor at a publication called the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs from 1996 until 2008.

When Huma Abedin was two years old, the family moved to Jidda, Saudi Arabia, where, with the backing of Abdullah Omar Nasseef, then the president of King Abdulaziz University, her father founded the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, a think tank, and became the first editor of its Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, which stated its mission as “shedding light” on minority Muslim communities around the world in the hope of “securing the legitimate rights of these communities.”

It turns out the Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs is an Abedin family business. Huma was an assistant editor there between 1996 and 2008. Her brother, Hassan is a book-review editor at the Journal and was a fellow at the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies, where Nasseef is chairman of the board of trustees. Huma’s sister, Heba is an assistant editor at the Journal.

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Just who is Abdullah Omar Nasseef (above)? In his early years as the patron of the Abedins’ journal, Nasseef was the secretary-general of the Muslim World League, which Andrew McCarthy, the former assistant U.S. attorney who prosecuted the “Blind Sheik,” Omar Abdel Rahman, in the wake of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, claims “has long been the Muslim Brotherhood’s principal vehicle for the international propagation of Islamic supremacist ideology.”

Although it describes itself a nongovernment organization, the Muslim World League is effectively an arm of the Saudi Arabian government. As a lawsuit posted on the Philadelphia Enquirer website states “a full time employee of the Muslim World League testified as follows:

“Let me tell you one thing, the Muslim World League, which is the mother of IIRO (International Islamic Relief Organization) is a fully government funded organization. In other words, I work for the government of Saudi Arabia. I am an employee of that government.

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Second, the IIRO is the relief branch of that organization which means that we are controlled in all of our activities and plans by the government of Saudi Arabia.

Keep that in mind, please … I am paid by my organization which is funded by the [Saudi] government … the [IIRO] office, like any other office in the world, here or in the Muslim World League, has to abide by the policy of the government of Saudi Arabia. If anybody deviates from that, he would be fired; he would not work at all with IIRO or with the Muslim World League.” In my opinion, the IIRO is a small time version of the Clinton Foundation?

This brings us to John Kerry and his daughter who married Dr. Behrooz Vala Nahid. As part of the wedding preparations, Kerry went to a dinner party hosted by George Soros at his Manhattan penthouse where he undoubtedly met the best man Mahdi Zarif and also met his father, Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iranian Foreign Minister, who acted as the chief negotiator during nuclear talks, across the table from Kerry. Here is an image of Kerry and Zarif:

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“I am proud of the Iranian-Americans in my own family, and grateful for how they have enriched my life,” Kerry said in the official statement. Kerry also said he was “strongly committed to resolving” the differences between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran, “to the mutual benefit of both of our people.”

Professor Jonathan Gruber, architect of National Romneycare, thinks we’re all stupid and I guess he’s right?

Here we are surrounded by foreign and domestic enemies hell-bent on doing us in. So what’s changed? What’s changed is the Iran Deal. For years Russian and North Korean Nuclear Scientists have been in Iran and they’re not there to pick cotton. The weapons at the disposal of Terrorists today should scare the pants off of you. Those who have no fear are more courageous than I am or they are fools. Years ago suitcase nuclear weapons went missing from the old USSR. Those nukes were of the 6 kiloton variety. The Hiroshima nuke was about 16 kilotons. It’s 2016 and we’re looking at fourth generation nuclear technology. You can bet there are fourth generation suitcase nukes in the hands of Terrorist organizations even as I write this blog. This image is a 100 ton explosion; what would a 6,000 ton explosion do to your city? The second image is a first generation suitcase nuke I took from an Iranian website. The third image is what I expect the enemy to have today, more like a briefcase!

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Now think about the possibility of those weapons already being in America. Their value lies in their ability to be easily smuggled across borders, transported by means widely available, and placed as close to the target as possible.

The nuclear, biological and chemical threat exists along with a repertoire of lethal weapons that range from vehicles and sabotage to arson and drones. Don’t think our food and water supply is safe and don’t think Terrorists don’t have chemical weapons captured in Syria along with surface to air missiles captured in Libya.

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Don’t rule out larger drones in the hands of Terrorists and don’t expect the Islamic State to get a permit from the FAA to employ them, perhaps by the hundreds?

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Just like a gun free zone is music to Terrorist’s ears, so is a burn ban. This year Kansas had the largest wildfire in their history and last year Washington State had the largest wildfire complex in their history.

Maybe Obama, Hillary and Kerry have no imagination and no clue but I guarantee our enemies have great imagination, great skills running from computers to guerrilla warfare and they are focused on the Big Prize. My guess is that there are more than a million insurgents and paramilitary forces already on our soil equipped with real nasty surprises for us.

While Terrorists occupy every state, Obama, Kerry and Hillary fret about global warming and guns in the hands of law abiding citizens.

The Terrorists including more than a hundred released by Obama, who rejoined their old units, may wait until after the election before becoming too visible?

Terrorists don’t fear jet fighters or aircraft carriers; they fear Leaders who are on to them and willing to stop them at all costs. There is only one person and has only been one person from the beginning of the Presidential campaign who fits that description. The Terrorists all over the world fear Donald Trump and will do everything they can to keep him out of power or to end his life.

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The price of Freedom is eternal vigilance. If you see something, say something but say it to somebody who will do something about it. Clearly, the FBI and Department of Homeland Security are clueless and will remain that way until President Trump takes the Oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. As an Air Force Officer I took the Oath to support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. That is not part of the Presidential Oath. God bless America

The Democratic Party & News Media are Sleeping Together

July 25, 2016

 

★★I think you already know how the TV News Media is rigged and crooked. Watch how they cover the Democratic Convention after the way they trashed the Republican Convention calling it chaotic and dark.

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Even before the Democratic Convention starts, the Chairman was booed off the stage and announced her resignation. Hillary immediately hired her proving how rigged the Democrat Presidential Primary system has been all along. The Democrats knew that the Hillary hiring of Debbie Wasserman Schultz would drive Bernie Sanders supports crazy but THEY DON’T CARE, PERIOD. Jim Webb and Bernie Sanders had no chance from day one!

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This should open your eyes to how corrupt TV News has become and why they give the Democrats a pass on every crooked deal they pull:

ABC News executive producer Ian Cameron is married to Susan Rice, National Security Adviser.

CBS President David Rhodes is the brother of Ben Rhodes, Obama’s Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategic Communications.

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ABC News correspondent Claire Shipman is married to former Whitehouse Press Secretary Jay Carney

ABC News and Univision reporter Matthew Jaffe is married to Katie Hogan, Obama’s Deputy Press Secretary

ABC President Ben Sherwood is the brother of Obama’s Special Adviser Elizabeth Sherwood

CNN President Virginia Moseley is married to former Hillary Clinton’s Deputy Secretary Tom Nides.

I trust the National Enquirer and Pravda more than these scumbags!

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Jim Webb was the only Democratic candidate with real Presidential credentials.

A former Marine Officer and wounded combat veteran, Webb had less than zero chance. He served as a United States Senator from Virginia, Secretary of the Navy, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs, Counsel for the United States House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs and Marine Corps Officer who was decorated with the Navy Cross, Silver Star, Bronze Star and Purple Heart.

In the private sector he has been an Emmy Award winning journalist, a filmmaker, and the author of ten books. In addition, he taught literature at the United States Naval Academy and was a Fellow at the Harvard Institute of Politics.

Webb stating that he was “not comfortable” and “unhappy” with many of his party’s political positions and dropped out of the race after receiving almost no support. He stated he will not vote for Hillary and declined to rule out support for Donald Trump.

Jim Webb is an American hero who represents nothing the Democratic Party stands for. Can you imagine a party that has no use for Webb but goes all in for the Scumbag Hillary Clinton?

The Gene McVay History of Gold

July 21, 2016

It appears to me that the talking heads on Business TV shows and big Wall Street Traders don’t just advise against owning gold, they also seem to passionately hate gold. Perhaps it is because they can’t manipulate the price of gold as easily as they run the stock market up and down?

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Other humans, on the other hand, have had Gold Fever since the beginning of time. The great Prophet Ezekiel says in 28:4, “By your wisdom and your understanding you have made wealth for yourself, and have gathered gold and silver into your treasuries.”

Egyptians used gold to create funeral masks for their pharaohs. The Incas called it the “Sweat of the sun.” It is used to make medals for the best athletes in the world. It symbolizes wealth and riches. Over the centuries, gold has become important to humans. The heavy metal has cultural and economic meaning for human civilizations around the world.

The materials assembled for the tabernacle are described in detail in Exodus 35-38 and summarized in Exodus 38:21-30. The total quantity of gold collected was approximately one ton; of silver, 3-3/4 tons; and of bronze, 2-1/2 tons. That’s $40 million worth of gold at today’s prices and $2.5 million worth of silver. The golden lampstand in the tabernacle weighed a talent and would today be worth over two million dollars for its gold content alone. Of course, any item from the Temple would be priceless.

When Solomon built the first temple, David had already amassed the materials. These materials included 100,000 talents of gold and 1,000,000 talents of silver. The gold alone comes to over $220 billion. Notice, Solomon did not use Treasury Bonds, Exchange-Traded Funds or paper money in the Temple. The gold was not paper gold but the heavy 24 karat yellow kind. The kind the people of Pompeii carried along with the keys to their homes as they fled the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Large quantities of gold and silver was taken in Asia by Alexander the Great: 2,600 talents of gold and 600 talents of silver from Damascus, 50,000 talents of gold and 40,000 talents of uncoined gold and silver from Susa and from Persepolis 120,000 talents of gold.

When Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem, Wise Men brought Him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh

The total amount of gold mined and stockpiled in the entire world up to the present time totals about 88,000 tons. If this gold were collected together its volume would be that of a cube 54 feet on a side. In other words, all the gold in the world could easily fit in two Olympic-sized swimming pools. One trillion dollars in $100 bills would take five such swimming pools. Our national debt would require 90 swimming pools. Add our unfunded obligations and you’ll need almost a thousand swimming pools. If the Dollar is devalued like the currency of many other countries, you will need the Pacific Ocean to hold all the $100 bills needed to pay for our obligations.

After all of that, all the gold will still fit easily into just two swimming pools.

The lure of gold has had a major impact on the course of history in the United States. When gold was found in California in 1848, it triggered a movement called the gold rush. Thousands of settlers moved west hoping to find gold and become rich. In total, 300,000 people came from all over the world to California during the gold rush. Before the gold rush, San Francisco was a tiny town of only 200 people. By the end of the gold rush in 1870, San Francisco’s population had grown to 150,000 people.

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I was recently in Alaska and saw the trails used by Klondikers on their way to the gold fields in the Youkon. The trip was long, arduous, and cold. Klondikers had to walk most of the way, using either pack animals or sleds to carry hundreds of pounds of supplies. The Northwest Mounted Police in Canada required that all Klondikers bring a year’s worth of supplies with them. Even so, starvation and malnutrition were serious problems along the trail. The story of the Klondiker who boiled his boots to drink the broth was widely reported, and may well have been true. Cold was another serious problem along the trail. Winter temperatures in the mountains of northern British Columbia and the Yukon were normally -20 degrees F., and temperatures of -50 degrees F. were not unheard of. Tents were usually the warmest shelter a Klondiker could hope for.

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An even larger problem was the trails themselves. Klondikers had two choices: the Chilkoot Trail or the White Pass Trail. The White Pass Trail originated in Skagway, Alaska. Crooks in Skagway fleeced Klondikers in every way imaginable. One way was a telegraph scam where crooks put up poles and wires, but they weren’t actually connected to anything. Then they took cash from Klondikers eager to wire home. The Chilkoot Trail, on the other hand, wasn’t a better option, although it had fewer outlaws. It was steeper than the White Pass Trail, and few were fully prepared for how difficult it was. Many suffered malnutrition and/or died along the trails. Some Klondikers became sick or died from eating the meat of the dead horses found on the White Pass Trail, and it soon became known as the “Dead Horse Trail”. Men reportedly went insane on the trail. It is possible that this diet (or lack thereof) contributed to the reports of insanity.

With the influx of the 30,000 who did make it over the trails, Dawson temporarily became the largest city north of San Francisco. It was no longer a tent city, but a bonafide city, with more amenities than one might imagine. Dawson had fire hydrants on the streets, and was the first city in western Canada to have electric lights. People also felt safe in Dawson. The Northwest Mounted Police kept order in Canada, and nefarious characters were not allowed entry. The growth of Dawson was largely responsible for the creation of the Yukon Territory as a new Canadian Province on June 13, 1898.

The Klondike Kings quickly became very rich. It is estimated that over one billion dollars worth of gold was found, adjusted to late 20th century standards. Others found their fame and fortune in different manners. Jack London became well-known by writing of his experiences in the Klondike. Fred Trump, grandfather Donald Trump, earned his fortune running the Arctic Restaurant and Hotel in Bennett, British Columbia, along the Chilkoot Trail. Nor were the successful Klondikers limited to men. Like Fred Trump, Belinda Mulroney became wealthy by running a hotel and selling supplies. Many women found their riches running dance halls. Martha Black bought a sawmill and went on to become Canada’s second female Member of Parliament. Even some of those who didn’t travel to the Klondike managed to get rich from the Gold Rush. Over 1,000 miles away, Seattle businesses made over $1 million (not adjusted) selling the needed food and supplies for the trip to the gold fields. Seattle mayor W.D. Wood should have stayed in Seattle and taken advantage of the wealth the Klondikers brought to the city. Instead, he resigned his post as mayor and set off for the Yukon. He was one of the many who turned back.

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Unfortunately for those who did make it as far as the Klondike, few found the hoped-for riches. By the time the masses arrived, all the creeks had been claimed, and the new arrivals found they had to work for the Klondike Kings, rather than for themselves. The pay was not bad, ranging from $1 to $10 per day, but this was not what the Klondikers had made the trip for. Many Klondikers never recouped the cost of the trip, which averaged $1200 (not adjusted). Nevertheless, when gold was discovered at Nome, Alaska in 1899, few of these Klondikers stopped to think about what they had just experienced. At the first sign of gold, much of Dawson up and left for Nome, where most of the gold-seekers once again lost out on finding fame and fortune.

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In July 2001, the price of Gold was $357 an ounce; what will be the price of Gold in 2021? What will a dollar buy in 2021? Will Americans be crawling through the hole in the fence or swimming the Rio Grande to find work in Mexico?

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I don’t know, do you? How about the talking heads who know how to make you rich but since they’re still working, apparently they don’t know how to make themselves rich? The bottom line is simple, do your own due diligence and decide if you want to own magic beans or what.

POLICE CANNOT PROTECT YOU

July 12, 2016

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When I was leader of a team of official United States Observers traveling in Europe to observe a major NATO exercise, I utilized by both military and commercial aircraft and noted that Europe was much more of a police state than the U.S. with machine-gun wielding security at all major airports. That was about 30 years ago and security has been increased exponentially since then. Even so, here are a couple of headlines from this year:

BELGIANS HAVE A REALLY BIG PROBLEM’: ANTITERROR POLICE ARE OVERWHELMED BY JIHADISTS WHO THREATEN THE COUNTRY

REPORT ON COLOGNE NEW YEAR’S ASSAULTS SAYS OVERWHELMED POLICE DIDN’T SEEK BACKUP

Here are some of the findings in Cologne, Germany I took from newspapers:

“An internal police report reveals officers “could not cope” with the volume of attacks in Cologne on New Year’s Eve.

Women were ‘forced to run the gauntlet’ through gangs of drunken and aggressive men outside the station.

Police say the number of reported crimes from the incident has risen to 121, about three-quarters of which involve sexual assault.

They have identified 16 suspects, but have made no new arrests.”

During my last military command one of my responsibilities was Air Base Defense so I’m not a neophyte. However, over the years I have come to believe that an important key to self-defense and probably the most important aspect is self-reliance when police protection isn’t enough.

All our lives, especially during our younger years, we heard that the police are there to protect us. From my first kindergarten class in Mountain Home, Arkansas with Miss Clarice Wilks, we learned to respect police. It is common for “Officer Friendly” to visit classrooms today. Most police cars are emblazoned with “To Protect and Serve” and we’re encouraged to give ourselves over to police protection. On the police SUV image, “To Protect and Serve” is in small print on the front fender.

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Relaxing in our easy chairs and expecting police to protect us from the bad guys hasn’t always been the American and European way. Before the mid-1800s, American and British citizens – even in large cities – were expected to protect themselves and each other. Indeed, they were legally required to pursue and attempt to apprehend criminals. The notion of a police force in those days was abhorrent in England and America, where liberals viewed it as a form of the dreaded “standing army.”

England’s first police force, in London, was not instituted until 1827. The first such forces in America followed in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia during the period between 1835 and 1845. They were established only to augment citizen self-protection. It was never intended that they act affirmatively, prior to or during criminal activity or violence against individual citizens. Their duty was to protect society as a whole by deterrence; i.e., by systematically patrolling, detecting and apprehending criminals after the occurrence of crimes. There was no thought of police displacing the citizens’ right of self-protection, nor could they even if that was the intent.

Even if all 800,000 American police officers were assigned to patrol, they could not protect 300 million citizens from upwards of 20 million criminals who enjoy the luxury of deciding when and where to strike. But we have nothing like 800,000 patrol officers; to determine how many police are actually available for any one shift, we must divide the 800,000 by four (three shifts per day, plus officers who have days off, are on sick leave, etc.). The resulting number must be cut in half to account for officers assigned to investigations, juvenile, records, laboratory, traffic, etc., rather than patrol.

Such facts are underscored by the practical reality of today’s society. Police and Sheriff’s departments are feeling the financial exigencies of our times that translates directly to a reduction of services, e.g., even less protection. Another fact that might surprise you is that thousands of 911 calls are dropped as are general calls to police departments. About 70% of 911 calls are made from cell phones and we know how reliable they are when you need them.

It is, therefore, a fact of law and of practical necessity that individuals are responsible for their own personal safety and that of their loved ones. Police protection must be recognized for what it is: only an auxiliary general deterrent.

Because the police have no general duty to protect individuals, judicial remedies are not available for their failure to protect. In other words, if someone is injured because they expected but did not receive police protection, they cannot recover damages by suing (except in very special cases). Despite a long history of such failed attempts, however, many, people persist in believing the police are obligated to protect them, attempt to recover when no protection was forthcoming and are emotionally demoralized when the recovery fails. Legal annals abound with such cases.

Many states have specifically precluded such claims, barring lawsuits against State or local officials for failure to protect, by enacting statutes such as California’s Government Code, Sections 821, 845, and 846 which state, in part: “Neither a public entity or a public employee [may be sued] for failure to provide adequate police protection or service, failure to prevent the commission of crimes and failure to apprehend criminals.” Exactly who is your state government looking out for, YOU or the government?

It is painfully clear that the police cannot be relied upon to protect us. Thus far we’ve seen that they have no duty to do so. And we’ve also seen that even if they did have a duty to protect us, practically- speaking they could not fulfill it with sufficient certainty that we would want to bet our lives on it.

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Now it’s time to take off the gloves, so to speak, and get down to reality. So the police aren’t duty-bound to protect us, and they can’t be expected to protect us even if they want to. Does that mean that they won’t protect us if they have the opportunity?

One of the leading cases on this point dates way back into the 1950s. A certain Ms. Riss was being harassed by a former boyfriend, in a familiar pattern of increasingly violent threats. She went to the police for help many times, but was always rebuffed. Desperate because she could not get police protection, she applied for a gun permit, but was refused that as well. On the eve of her engagement party she and her mother went to the police one last time pleading for protection against what they were certain was a serious and dangerous threat. And one last time the police refused. As she was leaving the party, her former boyfriend threw acid in her face, blinding and permanently disfiguring her.

Her case against the City of New York for failing to protect her was, not surprisingly, unsuccessful. The lone dissenting justice of New York’s high court wrote in his opinion: “What makes the City’s position [denying any obligation to protect the woman] particularly difficult to understand is that, in conformity to the dictates of the law [she] did not carry any weapon for self-defense. Thus, by a rather bitter irony she was required to rely for protection on the City of New York which now denies all responsibility to her.” Unfortunately, instances of police refusing to protect someone in grave danger, who is urgently requesting help, are becoming disturbingly more common. I won’t go into more cases but you can Google them.

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Remember, even if the police were obligated to protect us (which they aren’t), or even if they always tried to protect us (which they often don’t), most often there wouldn’t be time enough for them to do it. It’s about time that we came to grips with that, and resolved never to abdicate responsibility for our personal safety and that of our loved ones to anyone else.

I am a strong supporter of police and a graduate of the local Citizen’s Police Academy. I’m not advocating that we abolish the police but I believe we need a more robust backup when police are overwhelmed. I believe that backup should be citizen based. War has come to America and America is simply not ready. With violent gangs, ISIS in all 50 states and probably 35 million illegal aliens in America, things will get much worse before they get better.

National Security 101

July 7, 2016

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The American People are not generally knowledgeable about the laws regarding Classified Information. I was not only a Fighter Pilot and Provisional Wing Commander in the Air Force, I was also an Intelligence Analyst at the National Security Agency and graduate of the Air War College. Please permit me to unravel the astonishing FBI Director’s nonsense you watched on TV.

The overwhelming majority of Security Clearances are at the Secret level and most classified information is Secret or lower. Unauthorized disclosure of Secret information would cause “serious damage” to national security.

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I was at a Fighter Wing where only two people on the base had a Top Secret Clearance, the Chief of Intelligence and myself. There are many laws and regulations regarding safeguarding classified information such as the Espionage Act of 1917. Therefore, it was necessary for me to perform many additional duties to protect our very few Top Secret Documents. According to US Code, “Top Secret shall be applied to information, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security that the original classification authority is able to identify or describe.”

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You learned that the FBI found information on Secretary Clinton’s emails that was above Top Secret. It was so sensitive that even members of Congress were not authorized to view it. As high as a Top Secret Clearance is, it’s not high enough to authorize the holder of the clearance to even walk through the doors at NSA, CIA or most of the 15 other Intelligence Agencies.

I do not believe even the Secretary of State would be able to enter the Communications Center at the U.S. Department of State, it is likely run by NSA or an outside agency.

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But even if a person has a Security Clearance above Top Secret, that person cannot have access to any information unless he or she has A NEED TO KNOW. When I was a young Airman I had an operation on my shoulder in an Air Force Hospital in Japan. Because I had a Security Clearance above Top Secret, a Full Colonel was in the operating room and by my bedside during the operation and my recovery just in case I revealed something classified under sedation. If I had revealed classified information, the doctors and nurses would have been briefed and security clearances would have been run on every one of them. National Security is taken seriously outside the cozy confines of a few DC politician’s offices.

If Ms Clinton did nothing else except give thousands of emails to her lawyers for review, she committed a felony. Even if her lawyers had active US Security Clearances above Top Secret, they did not have the need to know information that could cause exceptionally grave damage to national security. I doubt that they had those clearances anyway!

As President Obama has so forcefully stated, “This is not a Reality Show!” Indeed, when Barack Obama, Loretta Lynch, James Comey and Hillary Clinton play loosey-goosey with national security, people die. Can we the people have any expectation that they protect the Nuclear Launch Codes or War Plans any better than the Presumptive Democratic Nominee for President protected national secrets on her private server?

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If Ms Clinton’s malfeasance only merits a wink and a nod, what would she have to do to elicit prosecution? Is Obama, Lynch, Comey and Hillary the best we can do? Is their lack of performance okay with you because they’re not bombastic and they love our enemies? Don’t we owe more to our men and women on the front lines of the War Against Global Terrorism?

Legacy of the Butterfield Overland Stage Company

July 3, 2016

This Blog is dedicated to my high school classmate and lifelong friend:

Fern (Butterfield) Frazier

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Waterman Lily Ormsby III left his home and family to become the first person to complete – as sole passenger – the first trip on the Butterfield Overland Mail coach.

On the afternoon of September 28, 1858, the conductor of the first westbound Butterfield Overland Mail Coach sounded his bugle to announce the coach’s arrival at the Pinery. The station was named for nearby stands of pine. With abundant water from Pine Spring and good grazing, it was one of the most favorably situated stations on the original 2,800-mile Butterfield route. Located at 5,534-foot Guadalupe Pass, the Pinery was also the highest.

After a meal of venison and baked beans and a change of horses, the weary travelers jolted slowly down the pass on their rough-riding stage. Shortly after sunset, near the base of Guadalupe Pass, the westbound coach from St. Louis pulled alongside the eastbound from San Francisco. The excited passengers and drivers exchanged comments about their history-making encounter. For the brief space of a conversation, the ends of the continent were connected. But there was mail to deliver; the stages rolled on as contracted, traveling an average of five miles an hour around the clock, and averaging 120 miles a day. The Butterfield contract called for semi-weekly runs, covering 2,800 miles in a maximum of 25 days. In its two and a half years of operation the Butterfield never broke its contract.

Imagine the feeling of isolation experienced by the station masters and their crews, and the sense of excitement and companionship brought by the stages. Between Fort Chadborne and El Paso, a distance of 458 miles, there was no sign of habitation other than outpost stage stations. The stage route between Fort Smith, Arkansas, and San Francisco, California, passed through only two real towns: Tucson and El Paso. One stretch of route had no settlements for 900 miles; another had no water for 75.

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One of the best preserved stagecoach stations on the Butterfield Overland mail route between Memphis and Fort Smith is the Potts home in Pottsville Arkansas. This fine example of antebellum architecture, built in the 1850’s, occupies a large block in the town in Pottsville. The Potts family lived in this home until it was sold to Pope County in the early 1970s. Extra barns were built on the premises to house horses and extra harnesses, etc., for the stagecoaches to change out when they stopped.

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People liked to stop at the Potts home, whether on the stage or just traveling through by buggy or horse. Mrs. Potts was well known for her clean beds and good food. Of course, you could also get a bath. The first person would pay the most for his/her bath and each person thereafter would pay a little less. The last person would pay the least and have to empty the tub. The Potts Home is now managed by the Pope County Historical Foundation.

A quarter of a million men and more rushed west to California during the bonanza years of 1849-53, most of them leaving their wives, sweethearts, children, parents, and other relatives behind. Up until this time, mail had been conveyed by private companies some under federal contract, using various routes, including ocean steamer around South America, or overland across the Isthmus of Panama. But new settlers in Oregon and California were not at all happy with sporadic mail service–at best once or twice a month.

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In 1857 Congress voted to subsidize a semi-weekly overland mail service. The line was to run “from such point of the Mississippi River as the contractors may select, to San Francisco.” Further, this service was to be performed with “good four horse coaches or spring wagons suitable for the conveyance of passengers, as well as the safety and security of the mails.” And the distance each way had to be traveled in twenty-five days or less, “the service to commence within twelve months after the signing of the contract.” John Butterfield, who had been a stage driver for some eastern stagelines, and had started the American Express company, bid successfully for the six-year contract. The famous Butterfield Overland Express Company carried the mail from St. Louis, following a southerly route through Texas and Arizona and then up the California Coastline to San Francisco.

Friends of John Butterfield were appalled when they learned of the contract he had signed calling for him to begin operating this line within one year. However, Butterfield had long experience in the staging business, and knew what he was doing. Born in New York in 1801, he had received little formal education; he had gone into staging, becoming a driver while still in his early teens. Through hard work and ability he had risen to ownership of several lines in New York, and in 1850 he had been one of the founders of the American Express Company. His prominence was such that by 1857 he was a personal friend of President James Buchanan and of many of the most influential men of the day.

Butterfield, after signing the contract, began working with a vigor that defied his fifty-six years. His first necessity was men; mainly he hired old and experienced frontiersmen to work for his company, men friendly with the various Indian tribes that would be encountered along the right-of-way. Then, using the most capable men he began laying out the road to be followed and erecting way stations along the line. From Tipton, Missouri to Fort Smith Arkansas, he used existing roads. From Fort Smith west to California he used Marcy’s road and the Gila Trail, while inside California he again used existing roads. This gave him a route of generally hard surface and gentle grades, even over the continental divide. The route was divided into eastern and western divisions, with El Paso the dividing point; then these were subdivided into five minor divisions in the East and four in the West. Each of these minor divisions was under the direction of a superintendent. And it was these men on whom Butterfield relied to keep his stages rolling.

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Beyond hiring employees, creating the route, and establishing the way stations, Butterfield also had to purchase the animals and rolling stock for his line. These totaled more than a thousand horses and some seven hundred mules, eight hundred sets of harness, and about two hundred and fifty Concord stagecoaches and spring wagons. He and his eight hundred employees worked feverishly to stockpile hay, grain, and other supplies, along with food, at each of the nearly two hundred way stations, just as arrangements had to be made for regular deliveries to each of them after the coaches began rolling. And drivers set out to familiarize themselves with their 60-mile stretches of the road. To make the necessary 25-mile daily run the coaches had to roll both day and night. Therefore, each driver had to know his 60-mile stretch extremely well. Conductors, who would ride beside the drivers, made a 120-mile route, and it was they who had absolute charge of the coaches.

John Butterfield, who wore a long yellow linen duster, a flat-brimmed hat, and tucked his pants into high boots, told his drivers, “Remember boys, nothing on God’s earth must stop the mail!” He at first had planned to carry four passengers. Soon he was carrying nine passengers, knees locked tightly together, with a few more perched on the roof. As the Butterfield coaches sped though towns, bands played, guns were fired, and men flung their hats high into the air. But the Westerners were still unhappy.

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The Butterfield Stage route had two eastern termini, Memphis, Tennessee and St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California. The routes from each eastern terminus met at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and then continued through Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Baja California, and California ending in San Francisco. Because of the untamed nature of the Mississippi River and its Arkansas tributaries in those years, the southern route necessarily utilized various alternative routes and methods of travel. There was no Mississippi River bridge at Memphis, and the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad ran from Hopefield near present-day West Memphis, Arkansas only to a point 12 miles east of Madison, Arkansas on the St. Francis River. From there the route headed overland by stagecoach. When the Arkansas River was high enough, the mail could instead travel from Memphis by steamboat down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas River, navigate up that river to Little Rock, and on from there by stagecoach. When the Arkansas was too low for steamboat traffic, the Butterfield could take the White River to Clarendon, Arkansas or Des Arc, Arkansas before switching to the stagecoaches. Sometimes the entire route across eastern Arkansas would be by stage.

However successful Butterfield was, his route did not please northern Californians, or Oregonians. They wanted a line that ran directly west from St. Louis, passing through Salt Lake City and then on to Sacramento and San Francisco. In support of this, they argued that the run over this northern route could be made in several days less time. Butterfield agreed with their statement as it related to the summer months, but said that during the winter the northern route would be closed by snow. The northern Californians insisted such was not the case and that the northern route could be kept open year round, but Butterfield continued to insist that this was the best and most usable route to the Pacific.

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Nevertheless, the Butterfield Overland Mail was a reality. It became a day-to-day part of the southwestern scene, its presence taken for granted. Yet the Butterfield, with its high cost of moving the mail, could not carry freight at a reasonable cost. When it first began operating, the Overland carried only letters; later it would transport newspapers and small packages. However, the goods that Southwesterners wanted and needed were bulky and were ordered in quantity. Thus they would have to come from the East in freight wagons, not stagecoaches, and at a much slower pace.

In the winter of 1859, the idea of the Pony Express was conceived to demonstrate the advantages of the much desired central route to transport the mail. By spring of 1860, the Pony Express was put into action between St. Louis and Sacramento. It promised unprecedented speed in mail delivery over almost 2000 miles. Utilizing a string of riders, some as young as 14, and chosen for their nerve and light weight, a relay was run on galloping horses changed approximately every 15 miles. The pay for pony express riders was from $50 to $150 a month and board. Those who rode though Nebraska and Colorado, which at this time was seeing more and more Indian troubles, were paid $150 for their services. The riders, who carried up to 10 pounds of mail rode for an average of seventy-five miles. The letters the riders carried were wrapped in oil silk as a protection against the weather, being placed in four pockets of a leather pouch, in order that the weight might be more evenly distributed.

The Pony Express continued to operate until the completion of the transcontinental telegraph line in 1861. Even though it lost money due to unexpectedly high operation costs, the rate for a half-ounce letter taken the entire distance was $5.00, and with the small volume of mail one rider could carry, it dramatically demonstrated the practicality of the central route.

In 1859, an additional overland mail route was established under the ownership of the Leavenworth and Pike’s Peak Express. It left Atchison, Missouri, and followed a more central route directly to Denver, a trip that would take 6 days traveling day and night, over 700 miles. very few stations were located along either route, and all of the mail service was definitely lacking in dependability and regularity, let alone speed. In 1860 the Leavenworth Express was almost defunct and sold to new owners who named it the “Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express.” The new owners also experienced severe financial difficulties, and the C.O.C. & P.P. line was soon called: “Clean Out of Cash and Poor Pay.” By the spring of 1862, less than a year after daily mail service began over this route, the C.O.C. & P.P. was mired in debt, including owing Ben Holladay some $208,000 that he had loaned them the year before. Holladay, who had amassed a small fortune by the 1850’s, bought the financially strapped overland mail stage line at public auction for a sum of $100,000. Holladay, being a vigorous and efficient organizer, went about re-stocking all the existing stations with men, horses and supplies, and using the finest of coaches. He was determined that the mail line would soon be on a paying basis.omfounder

The Founder:

John Warren Butterfield (1801–1869) was an operator of stagecoach and freight lines in the mid-19th century in the American Northeast and Southwest. He founded companies that became American Express and Wells Fargo. Butterfield also founded the Butterfield Overland Express and from 1858 to 1861 operated a stage route running from St. Louis to San Francisco, establishing an important connection between the new state of California and the government and economy of the contiguous eastern states.

John was born on a farm in Berne, New York, in 1801 to Daniel and Catheline Butterfield. He was largely self taught and by the age of 19 was a professional stage coach driver working out of Albany, New York, conveying passengers and freight to Utica. In 1822 he married Malinda Harriet Baker of Berne. He later established stage routes throughout New York State, and other means of transportation including packet and steamboats on Lake Ontario, the street railroad in Utica, and local plank-roads. He organized the Black River railroad. In 1850 his firm of Butterfield, Wasson & Co. merged with Livingston, Fargo & Co. and Wells & Co. as the American Express Co. under his direction.

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Butterfield also had interests in various railroad developments, telegraph facilities, and banks. He was very fond of the city of Utica, situated along the Mohawk River in New York, where he built an elaborate home and commercial buildings, and also a business. He was elected mayor of Utica in 1865.

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Butterfield’s involvement with the stage coach transport business brought him directly to his participation in the express business. He was one of the first to see the commercial potential in the various services made possible with the use of stage coaches as vehicles of mail and freight transport. Butterfield’s success was made easier because he came to the industry early on when the American nation was still developing and rapidly growing and with little competition to deal with. In 1857 he organized the long Butterfield Overland Mail route and, until 1861, contracted with the U.S. government to carry mail and passengers between St. Louis, Missouri and San Francisco, California. In 1860, due to debts, Butterfield was forced out and Wells Fargo took over the route. He retired to his home in Utica where, after serving briefly as mayor. At the age of 59 in 1869 he retired early because of a sore throat never to awaken.

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Some 160 years after John Butterfield’s stagecoaches were crisscrossing the West, the evidence can still be seen as the service left an indelible mark on America.